Thinking about tile? In this article you will find some useful information and definitions of different tile types so you know what one to choose for your project. Each style includes a clickable link so you can do your own research and see the multitude of choices available.
#1 Ceramic Tile
Ceramic tile is made of clay that has been fired in a kiln. Not to be confused with porcelain tile. Ceramic tile is more porous and has high absorption. Keep this in mind if using outside as it is not frost-proof, it may chip or damage more easily than porcelain tile. Despite this, ceramic tile is a popular choice. The tile is coated with a glaze that protects and seals it. This keeps the tile from absorbing stains while improving the durability. The glaze is also what gives the tile its color.
Porcelain tiles are clay-based and kiln-fired, It is technically a specialized type of ceramic. The clay used to make porcelain have a higher density and are fired at a higher temperature for a longer period of time than ceramic. Porcelain tile has the same color throughout. A broken or chipped piece of porcelain will often have a uniform color throughout so when it is chipped it will not show as much. And the finish of porcelain is smoother than ceramic.
Natural Stone refers to a variety of stone or rock that is found in nature and is not a manufactured product. Some common natural stones you may know of are slate, marble, travertine, limestone, granite, and sandstone. Each have slightly different properties.
#4 Mosaic Tile
Mosaic tile is any combination of materials and can be glass, natural stone, ceramic, porcelain, or more. It is usually in a small format and set on a mesh sheet for easy installation. They are perfect to use as a back-splash, border, or to add a design element to your project. They can also be used for the entire project.
Back-splash refers to the area of wall between a counter top and the upper cabinets. This is an area where you often add color and design, a variety of tile and stone can be used. It is definitely a good idea to install back-splash behind a sink as it helps to protect the wall from water damage and is easy to clean.
#6 Subway Tile
It is a thin, low-fired, glazed ceramic tile. The first ones in the New York City subway were made of glass. Today, subway tile is available in many materials, like stone, glass, marble, and porcelain Etc.